Introduction to HTML Multimedia

HTML multimedia


Multimedia on the web refers to sound effects, music, video, and animation.

Modern web browsers already support many multimedia formats.

What is multimedia?

Multimedia comes from many different formats. It can be anything you hear or see, text, pictures, music, sound effects, recordings, movies, animations, and more.

On the Internet, you'll often find multimedia elements embedded in web pages, and modern browsers already support multiple multimedia formats.

In this tutorial, you'll learn about the different multimedia formats and how to use them in your web pages.

Browser support

The first Internet browser only supports text, and even text support is limited to a single font and a single color. A browser that supports colors, fonts, and text styles was born, and image support was added.

Different browsers handle support for sound effects, animation, and video in different ways. Some elements can be handled inline, while others require additional plugins.

You will learn more about plugins in the following sections.

Multimedia format

Multimedia elements such as video and audio are stored in media files.

The most common way to determine the media type is to look at the file extension. When the browser gets the file extension .htm or .html, it assumes that the file is an HTML page. The .xml extension indicates the XML file, and the .css extension indicates the style sheet. The image format is identified by .gif or .jpg.

Multimedia element elements also have file formats with different extensions, such as .swf, .wmv, .mp3, and .mp4.

Video format


MP4 is the new video format introduced by the Internet. 
YouTube recommends MP4.
Flash Players supports MP4
HTML5 support for MP4. 

 
   format    file     description



   AVI



    .avi

The AVI (Audio Video Interleave) format was developed by Microsoft. AVI format is supported on all computers running Windows. It is a very common format on the Internet, but non-Windows computers are not always able to play.





   WMV





    .wmv

The Windows Media format was developed by Microsoft. Windows Media is common on the Internet, but Windows Media movies cannot be played without additional (free) components. Some late Windows Media movies will not play on all non-Windows computers because there is no suitable player.



   MPEG


    .mpg


    .mpeg


The MPEG (Moving Pictures Expert Group) format is the most popular format on the Internet. It is cross-platform and is supported by all the most popular browsers.



   QuickTime



    .mov

The QuickTime format was developed by Apple. QuickTime is a common format on the Internet, but QuickTime movies cannot be played on Windows computers that do not have additional (free) components installed.



   RealVideo


    .rm


    .ram


The RealVideo format was developed by Real Media for the Internet.This format allows for video streaming at low bandwidth (online video, IPTV). Quality is often reduced due to low bandwidth priority.



   Flash


    .swf


    .flv


The Flash (Shockwave) format was developed by Macromedia. The Shockwave format requires additional components to play. But the component will be pre-installed on a browser like Firefox or IE.





   Mpeg-4





    .mp4

Mpeg-4 (with H.264 video compression) is a new format for the Internet. In fact, YouTube recommends using MP4. YouTube accepts multiple formats and then converts them all to .flv or .mp4 for distribution. More and more video publishers are moving to MP4 as a Flash player and HTML5 Internet sharing format.

 

The latest HTML5 standard only supports MP4, WebM, and Ogg video formats.    

Sound format

MP3 is an audio compression technology, the full name of which is Motion Picture Experts Group Audio Layer III, referred to as MP3. It is designed to dramatically reduce the amount of audio data. If your site is of music type, you can choose the mp3 format.


 file    description







    MIDI






    .mid


    .midi


MIDI (Musical Instrument Digital Interface) is a format for electronic music devices such as synthesizers and sound cards. MIDI files do not contain sound, but contain digital music commands that can be played by electronic products such as sound cards.

Because the MIDI format contains only instructions, MIDI files are extremely small. The above example is only 23k in size, but it can play for nearly 5 minutes. MIDI is supported by a large number of software on a wide range of platforms. Most popular web browsers support MIDI.



    RealAudio



    .rm


    .ram


The RealAudio format was developed by Real Media for the Internet. This format also supports video. This format allows for audio streaming (online music, web music) in low bandwidth conditions. Quality is often reduced due to low bandwidth priority.



    Wave



    .wav

The Wave (waveform) format was developed by IBM and Microsoft. It is supported on all computers running Windows and all web browsers except Google Chrome.



    WMA



    .wma

WMA format (Windows Media Audio), quality better than MP3, compatible with most players, except iPod. WMA files can be transmitted as a continuous stream of data, making it useful for Internet radio or online music.



    MP3

    

    .mp3


    .mpga


An MP3 file is actually the sound part of an MPEG file. The MPEG format was originally developed by the Motion Picture Experts Group. MP3 is one of the most popular sound formats for music. I look forward to supporting it in future software systems.

The latest standards for HTML5 support the MP3, WAV, and Ogg audio formats.   


Last Updated: 2018-08-22 13:33:58 By akshay

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